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Choroidal Disorders

1st Edition

Editors: Jay Chhablani Jorge - Ruiz-Medrano


Choroidal Disorders provides an overview on various chorioretinal disorders with a special emphasis on choroidal imaging. As our understanding of the choroid has significantly improved with the development of advanced optical coherence tomography (OCT) and its role in posterior segment diseases is gaining new significance, this book focuses on the related improvements, diagnostic capabilities, management and prognosis of various chorioretinal disorders. It covers conventional techniques, such as ultrasonography and indocyanine green angiography as well as the most advanced techniques, including enhanced depth imaging OCT, swept source OCT, and OCT angiography.

Key Features

  • Concise overview of various chorioretinal disorders, with special emphasis on choroidal imaging
  • Written for practitioners and researchers in sensory systems (vision), ophthalmologists, and retina specialists
  • Covers the most advanced imaging techniques in choroidal disorders, such as enhanced depth imaging OCT, swept source OCT, and OCT angiography


Researchers and clinical practitioners in sensory systems (vision), Ophthalmologists, and retina specialists

Table of Contents

  1. The History of the Choroid 
  2. Electron microscopy of the human choroi
  3. Choroidal histopathology
  4. Choroidal Imaging Techniques: Past, current and future
  5.  Dystrophies
  6.  Choroidal Imaging in Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration
  7. Neovascular (wet) age-related macular degeneration
  8. Choroidal neovascularization secondary to diseases other than age-related macular degeneration
  9. Central serous chorioretinopathy
  10. Pachychoroid
  11. High myopia
  12. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease
  13. Chorioretinal inflammatory non-infectious diseases
  14. Chorioretinal inflammatory infectious diseases
  15. Choroidal findings in systemic conditions
  16. The Choroid in Retinal Vascular Diseases 
  17. Choroidal tumor
  18.  Imaging and Diagnosis of Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy
  19. Other choroidal disorders 
     19A. Choroidal rupture 
     19B. Angiod streaks 
     19C. Staphyloma
     19D. Focal Choroidal Excavation
     19E. Dome shaped macula 
     19F. Choroidal sclerosis 
  20. Imaging Choroidal Disorders: The Future

About the Editors

Jay Chhablani

Dr. Chhablani is a consultant at the L.V. Prasad Eye Institute in Hyderabad, India. He is on the reviewing boards of all high impact Ophthalmology journals. He is on the editorial board of several journals including American Journal of Ophthalmology. He is a member of Global ONE network committee of American Academy of Ophthalmology and Asia Pacific Ocular Imaging Society. He has won several national and international awards. He has delivered inaugural Ian Constable lecture at Asia-Pacific Vitreo-Retina Society in 2016. He received Inaugural Namperumalsamy Young Researcher Award in 2018 by Vitreo-Retina Society of India.

Affiliations and Expertise

Consultant, L.V.Prasad Eye Institute, Kallam Anji Reddy Campus, L.V.Prasad Marg, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, India

Jorge Ruiz-Medrano

Dr. Ruiz-Medrano works as a Retina & Oncology Fellow at Jules-Gonin Eye Hospital in Lausanne, Switzerland. He obtained his Degree in Medicine from the Autónoma University of Madrid, Spain in 2011. He completed his residency in Ophthalmology at Clínico San Carlos University Hospital in Madrid and was awarded his European Board of Ophthalmology Diploma in 2016. An active researcher, he has published investigation papers in peer-reviewed high impact journals and he has authored several chapters in international books. He has received investigation grants and prizes from the Spanish Retina & Vitreous Society, Rementería Foundation and Castroviejo Ophthalmic Research Institute. His research interests include advanced retinal and choroidal image analysis, and he is currently working on a PhD on the study of the normal choroid using Swept-Source optical coherence tomography.

Affiliations and Expertise

Jules-Gonin Eye Hospital, Fondation Asile des Aveugles, Lausanne, Switzerland



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