Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 - 67(7)
Mrittika Sen, Santosh G Honavar
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 67(7):981-984
Vasant G Honavar
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 67(7):985-986
Li‐Anne L Lim, Md K Hasanuzzaman, Carol L Shields
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 67(7):987-987
Suresh K Pandey, Vidushi Sharma
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 67(7):988-994
Ophthalmology is a field that is now seeing the integration of robotics in its surgical procedures and interventions. Assistance facilitated by robots offers substantial improvements in terms of movement control, tremor cancellation, enhanced visualization, and distance sensing. Robotic technology has only recently been integrated into ophthalmology; hence, the progression is only in its initial stages. Robotic technologies such as da Vinci Surgical System are integrated into the field of ophthalmology and are assisting surgeons in complex eye surgeries. Ophthalmic surgeries require high accuracy and precision to execute tissue manipulation, and some complex ocular surgery may take few hours to complete the procedures that may predispose high-volume ophthalmic surgeons to work-related musculoskeletal disorders. A complete paradigm shift has been achieved in this particular field through the integration of advanced robotic technology, resulting in easier and more efficient procedures. Where robotic technology assists the surgeons and improves the overall quality of care, it also projects several challenges including limited availability, training, and the high cost of the robotic system. Although considerable studies and trials have been conducted for various robotic systems, only a few of them have made it to the commercial stage and ophthalmology, on its own, has a long way to go in robotics technology.
Priti Udhay, Kasturi Bhattacharjee, P Ananthnarayanan, Gangadhar Sundar
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 67(7):995-1003
The purpose of this systematic review is to investigate the most common indications, treatment, and outcomes of computer-assisted surgery (CAS) in ophthalmological practice. CAS has evolved over the years from a neurosurgical tool to maxillofacial as well as an instrument to orbitofacial surgeries. A detailed and organized scrutiny in relevant electronic databases, journals, and bibliographies of the cited articles was carried out. Clinical studies with a minimum of two study cases were included. Navigation surgery, posttraumatic orbital reconstruction, computer-assisted orbital surgery, image-guided orbital decompression, and optic canal decompression (OCD) were the areas of interest. The search generated 42 articles describing the use of navigation in facial surgery: 22 on orbital reconstructions, 5 related to lacrimal sac surgery, 4 on orbital decompression, 2 articles each on intraorbital foreign body and intraorbital tumors, 2 on faciomaxillary surgeries, 3 on cranial surgery, and 2 articles on navigation-guided OCD in traumatic optic neuropathy. In general, CAS is reported to be a useful tool for surgical planning, execution, evaluation, and research. The largest numbers of studies and patients were related to trauma. Treatment of complex orbital fractures was greatly improved by the use of CAS compared with empirically treated control groups. CAS seems to add a favourable potential to the surgical armamentarium. Planning details of the surgical approach in a three-dimensional virtual environment and execution with real-time guidance can help in considerable enhancement of precision. Financial investments and steep learning curve are the main hindrances to its popularity.